Project Development Life Cycle

Project Development Life Cycle is a process used by software industry to design, develop and test high quality softwares. Ilife Academy aims to produce a high quality software that meets or exceeds student’s expectations, reaches completion within times and cost estimates.

The following figure is a graphical representation of the various stages of a typical Project Development Life Cycle

A typical Software Project Development life cycle consists of the following stages:

Stage 1: Analyse

Project Development Life Cycle stage-1

Requirement analysis is the most important and fundamental stage in Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC). It is performed with inputs from the customer, the sales department, market surveys and domain experts in the industry.

This phase will determine the requirements like: Who is going to use the system? How will they use the system? What data should be input into the system? What data should be output by the system? These are general questions that get answered during a requirements gathering phase. This information is then used to plan the basic project approach and to conduct product feasibility study in the economical, operational, and technical areas.

Stage 2: Planning and Defining Requirements

Project Development Life Cycle step-2

Planning for the quality assurance requirements and identification of the risks associated with the project is also done in the planning stage. The outcome of the technical feasibility study is to define the various technical approaches that can be followed to implement the project successfully with minimum risks.

The next step is to clearly define and document the product requirements and get them approved from the customer or the market analysts.

Stage 3: Designing the product architecture

Project Development Life Cycle step-3

Software Requirement Specification (SRS) is the reference for product architects to come out with the best architecture for the product to be developed. Based on the requirements specified in SRS, usually more than one design approach for the product architecture is proposed and documented in a DDS - Design Document Specification.

A design approach clearly defines all the architectural modules of the product along with its communication and data flow representation with the external and third party modules (if any). The internal design of all the modules of the proposed architecture should be clearly defined with the minutest of the details in DDS.

Stage 4: Developing

Project Developing Life Cycle-4

In this stage of SDLC the actual development starts and the product is built. The programming code is generated as per DDS during this stage. If the design is performed in a detailed and organized manner, code generation can be accomplished without much hassle.

Developers have to follow the coding guidelines defined by their organization and programming tools like compilers, interpreters, debuggers etc are used to generate the code. Different high level programming languages such as C, C++, Pascal, Java, and PHP are used for coding. The programming language is chosen with respect to the type of software being developed.

Stage 5: Testing

Project Development Life Cycle step-4

This stage is usually a subset of all the stages as in the modern SDLC models, the testing activities are mostly involved in all the stages of SDLC. However this stage refers to the testing only stage of the product where products defects are reported, tracked, fixed and retested, until the product reaches the quality standards defined in the SRS.

Stage 6: Deployment and Maintenance

Project Development Life Cycle step-5

Once the product is tested and ready to be deployed it is released formally in the appropriate market. Sometime product deployment happens in stages as per the organizations. business strategy. The product may first be released in a limited segment and tested in the real business environment (UAT- User acceptance testing).

Then based on the feedback, the product may be released as it is or with suggested enhancements in the targeting market segment. After the product is released in the market, its maintenance is done for the existing customer base.

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